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Doctors Gerald W. Bird and Jay A. Johnson can remove wisdom teeth at their Cocoa and Melbourne, Florida offices if they are causing discomfort or posing a threat to your oral health.
Your third molars, or wisdom teeth, are the last four of 32 teeth to surface in your mouth, usually appearing between the ages of 17 and 25. In many cases, inadequate space in the mouth causes wisdom teeth to surface improperly, which can result in infection, damage to surrounding teeth, and the development of cysts and tumors. If you are experiencing swelling, pain, infection, or decay as a result of wisdom teeth surfacing, Drs. Bird and Johnson can provide wisdom teeth removal at their Melbourne and Cocoa, Florida offices. Contact us today to schedule a consultation.
There are three primary kinds, or degrees, of impaction based on the depth of the teeth within your jaw:
Soft Tissue Impaction
When the top (crown) of the wisdom tooth penetrates through the jaw bone, but the gums are still covering part of the crown and have failed to properly position around the tooth, it is called soft tissue impaction. Pain and swelling can occur when food becomes trapped below the gum line, causing infection.
Partial Bony Impaction
Partial bony impaction occurs when the tooth has partially surfaced, but part of the crown remains below the gum line and the surrounding jaw bone. Infection commonly occurs because the area is very difficult to keep clean.
Complete Bony Impaction
In some cases, the tooth fails to surface from the jaw, remaining fully encased in bone. Complete bony impaction may indicate the wisdom tooth is abnormally positioned and requires a more complex procedure to remove the tooth.
Wisdom teeth do not always require removal. However, when pain, swelling, and infection occur, it is often a sign that wisdom teeth removal could prevent more serious discomfort and complications in the future. Wisdom tooth removal primarily helps you avoid disease and infection. Removing wisdom teeth can also prevent damage to nearby teeth, especially the second molars, or the teeth closest to the wisdom teeth. Some dental professionals say this procedure can prevent your other teeth from becoming misaligned or twisted under pressure from the wisdom teeth, though this theory is not universally accepted by dentists.
Drs. Bird and Johnson conduct a thorough examination of your wisdom teeth and the teeth around it using x-rays to determine if your wisdom teeth are currently causing problems, or if they have the potential to cause problems in the future. X-rays can also help detect other risks, such as decay or deterioration in nearby teeth. An early evaluation, typically around age 16, is recommended.
If it is determined that your wisdom teeth should be removed, the procedure is most often conducted under local anesthesia, with I.V. sedation. Your dentist will open the gum tissue covering the tooth. Tissue connecting the wisdom tooth to the bone will be separated, allowing removal. You may need stitches following the procedure to foster healing.
If you are experiencing dental pain, it is always advisable to make an appointment with your dentist to determine the cause. If it is determined that wisdom teeth are causing your discomfort, wisdom teeth removal can help relieve this pain, in addition to preventing future complications. To find out whether you could benefit from wisdom tooth removal, contact our Melbourne or Cocoa, Florida offices today.